Charleslouis D Montesquieu

CHARLES-LOUIS DE SECONDAT, the jurist and political philosopher, was born at the Chü¾Œ¦”¼teau de La Brede, near Bordeaux, France, on January 18, 1689. He attended the Oratorian College of Juilly and then studied law in Bordeaux from 1705 to 1708. Upon his father's death in 1713, he assumed the title of baron de La Brede and was appointed counselor of the Bordeaux parliament (1714). In 1716 he inherited his uncle's title of baron de Montesquieu, and also his office, serving as the deputy president of the parliament from 1716 to 1726.

Montesquieu's first major work, Lettres persanes (Persian Letters), was published in 1721 and became a huge success. Supposedly written by two Persian travelers in Europe, Montesquieu satirized French institutions. In 1725 he published Le Temple de Gnide (The Temple of Gnide).

Because of the success of Persian Letters, in 1728 Montesquieu was elected to the French Academy, the French lit-erary academy established by Read More chevron_right