John Locke was the son of a land steward and was educated at Westminster School and Oxford. He was born in Wrington, near Bristol, and was the son of a land steward. Locke became a lecturer in Greek in 1660, Rhetoric in 1662, and Secretary to an Embassy in Brandenburg in 1664. He studied Descartes and Bacon as a student. Then, drawn to experimental research, he studied medicine and practiced for a short time in Oxford. In 1667, he authored his Essay on Toleration, which was inspired by his thoughts on morals and government. If not a particularly clever or unique philosopher, Locke was a calm, intelligent, and reasonable writer, and his publications had a significant impact on both English and French philosophy in the following century.