Pablo Picasso was born in Spain in 1881, and went on to become one of the greatest and most influential artists of the twentieth century. He settled in Paris in 1904 and experimented with a number of artistic styles before producing 'Les Demoiselles d'Avignon', a revolutionary work that introduced Cubism to the world. In 1937 he produced 'Guernica', one of his most famous works, as a response to the Spanish Civil War. He later become involved with the Surrealist movement. He remained in Paris throughout the Nazi occupation and died near Cannes in 1973, leaving behind four children and innumerable paintings, sculptures, etchings and ceramics.