In 1997, PHILIP ROTH (1933-2018) was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for American Pastoral. In 1998, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts by President Bill Clinton, and in 2002, he was given the Gold Medal in Fiction by the American Academy of Arts and Letters, which had previously been given to John Dos Passos, William Faulkner, and Saul Bellow, among others. He was the recipient of the National Book Award, the PEN/Faulkner Award, and the National Book Critics Circle Award on two occasions. The Conspiracy Against America won the Society of American Historians' prize for the best historical book on an American theme in 2003-2004, as well as the W.H. Auden Award. In 2005, Roth became the third living American writer to have his works published in a full, definitive edition by the Library of America, making him the first writer to win the prize twice in the prize's forty-six-year history.
In 2011, he was awarded the National Humanities Medal by President Barack Obama, and he went on to win the Man Booker International Award for the fourth time. In 2012, he earned Spain's highest accolade, the Prince of Asturias Award, and in 2013, he was named Commander of the Legion of Honor, France's highest decoration.