Pope Francis, elected bishop of Rome and absolute sovereign of Vatican City, was born Jorge Mario Bergoglio on December 17, 1936, and is the 266th and current pope of the Catholic Church. Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires to Italian parents and consecrated as a priest in 1969. He was Argentina's provincial superior of the Society of Jesus from 1973 to 1979. In 1998, he was named Archbishop of Buenos Aires, and in 2001, he was made a cardinal. Following Pope Benedict XVI's resignation in February 2013, the papal conclave elected Jorge Mario Bergoglio, who selected the name Francis in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi, on March 13, 2013.
Pope Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, and the first non-European pope since Pope Gregory III, who reigned 1,272 years ago. Pope Francis has been praised for his humility, compassion for the poor, and devotion to dialogue as a means of building bridges between people of all origins, views, and faiths throughout his life, both as an individual and as a Catholic leader. The Simple Wisdom of Pope Francis: Hang on to Hope, Volume 1 and The Simple Wisdom of Pope Francis: The Joy of Evangelization, Volume 2 are two books containing Pope Francis' teachings. He also authored The Light of Faith: Lumen Fidei, his first encyclical, which is available in both English and Spanish.
Pope Francis has captivated the world with his down-to-earth demeanor, humility, and compassion for the poor and sick.