ROBERT A. SCHWARTZ is Marvin M. Speiser Professor of Finance and University Distinguished Professor in the Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College, CUNY. He is the developer, with Bruce Weber and Gregory Sipress, of the trading and market structure simulation, TraderEx (www.etraderex.net). Professor Schwartz has served as a consultant to various market centers including Nasdaq and the New York and London Stock Exchanges, and in 2009, he was named the first recipient of the annual World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) Award for Excellence. He has published over sixty refereed journal articles and seventeen books, including The Equity Trader Course and Equity Markets in Action, both published by Wiley. Professor Schwartz received his PhD in economics from Columbia University.