Wolfgang Langewiesche made his first solo flight in Chicago in 1934. Early in his flying career, he noticed a weird discrepancy: the phrases and the realities in piloting did not match. In practice, pilots did not perform what they promised to do when flying an airplane. Langewiesche set himself the goal of portraying what a pilot accomplishes while he flies in a more exact and realistic manner. The first outcome was a series of articles published in Air Facts that examined various aspects of piloting technique. Stick and Rudder was released in 1944.