Black Fortunes: The Story of the First Six African Americans Who Survived Slavery and Became Millionaires
By telling the little-known stories of six pioneering African American entrepreneurs, Black Fortunes makes a worthy contribution to black history, to business history, and to American history.-- Margot Lee Shetterly, New York Times Bestselling author of Hidden Figures Between the years of 1830 and 1927, as the last generation of blacks born into slavery was reaching maturity, a small group of industrious, tenacious, and daring men and women broke new ground to attain the highest levels of financial success. Mary Ellen Pleasant, used her Gold Rush wealth to further the cause of abolitionist John Brown. Robert Reed Church, became the largest landowner in Tennessee. Hannah Elias, the mistress of a New York City millionaire, used the land her lover gave her to build an empire in Harlem. Orphan and self-taught chemist Annie Turnbo-Malone, developed the first national brand of hair care products. Mississippi school teacher O. W. Gurley, developed a piece of Tulsa, Oklahoma, into a town for wealthy black professionals and craftsmen that would become known as the Black Wall Street. Although Madam C. J Walker was given the title of America's first female black millionaire, she was not. She was the first, however, to flaunt and openly claim her wealth--a dangerous and revolutionary act. Nearly all the unforgettable personalities in this amazing collection were often attacked, demonized, or swindled out of their wealth. Black Fortunes illuminates as never before the birth of the black business titan.
From the Back Cover Between 1830 and 1927, as the last generation of blacks born into slavery was reaching maturity, a small group of daring men and women broke new ground to attain the highest levels of financial success. Black Fortunes is the astonishing untold history of America's first black millionaires-self-made entrepreneurs who endured incredible challenges to amass their personal fortunes-including an adventurer, a landowner, a self-taught chemist, a millionaire's mistress, a schoolteacher, and a flamboyant rebel. Inspiring and surprising, Black Fortunes illuminates as never before the birth of the black business titan.