Modeling Human Behaviors in Psychology Using Engineering Methods
The main purpose of this book is to showcase the interdisciplinary engineering approaches in modeling and understanding human behaviors during interpersonal interactions that could be typical, distressed, or atypical. The ability to measure human behaviors quantitatively has been a core component and a major research direction in both fields of engineering and psychology - though often with distinct approaches designed for different targeted applications. Engineering methods often strive to achieve high predictive accuracies using behavioral informatic techniques. These techniques employ a combination of behavior measures derived using automated signal based descriptors and of statistical frameworks modeled by machine learning techniques. These approaches are often distinct from the observational approaches of the gold standard for the past three decades in the study of psychology, even in clinical settings. The observational approaches are largely based on human subjective judgments. Modeling Human Behaviors in Psychology Using Engineering Methods provides an introduction to some of the ingredients of such engineering approaches (what is needed) and the rationale and impact of such interdisciplinary effort (why is it necessary). It then discusses sample research works in effective computing, e.g., automated emotion recognition, and in mental health such as assessing distressed behaviors in couples therapy sessions. Lastly, it concludes with a road map outlining possible future research endeavors for creating an enduring and highly positive impact on humans' mental health and well-being.