From the Back Cover
INCLUDES INTERVIEWS WITH FAMOUS MEMBERS OF THE DIVINE NINE JOHN CHANEY Head Basketball Coach, Temple University SPENCER CHRISTIAN Former weather anchorman, ABC-TVs Good Morning America KEITH CLINKSCALES President and CEO, Vibe magazine JOHN HOPE FRANKLIN Historian NIKKI GIOVANNI Poet, author of Blues: For All the Changes DR. GWENDOLYN GOLDSBY-GRANT Psychologist, Essence magazine columnist, author JOHN H. JOHNSON Owner of Ebony Publishing STAR JONES Co-host, ABC-TV's The View SHAQUILLE O'NEAL Star center for the Los Angeles Lakers TAVIS SMILEY Host, BET Tonight PLUS INSPIRING PROFILES OF OTHER FAMOUS MEMBERS -- FROM HISTORICAL FIGURES TO MODERN LEGENDS HANK AARON MARIAN ANDERSON MAYA ANGELOU ARTHUR ASHE COUNT BASIE TONI BRAXTON GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER WILT CHAMBERLAIN SHIRLEY CHISHOLM BILL COSBY W.E.B. DUBOIS DUKE ELLINGTON ELLA FITZGERALD LANGSTON HUGHES REVEREND JESSE JACKSON MICHAEL JORDAN MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. THURGOOD MARSHALL HATTIE MCDANIEL TONI MORRISON JESSE OWENS COLIN POWELL PHYLICIA RASHAD PAUL ROBESON CORETTA SCOTT KING BLAIR UNDERWOOD DIONNE WARWICK
From the front Cover
Never before has information about African American fraternities and sororities been published for the general public, until now. A meticulously researched history, THE DIVINE NINE tells the story of how these organizations have played a major role in shaping generations of black leaders. America's black fraternities and sororities are a unique and vital part of 20th century African American history. Since the creation of the first fraternity in 1906 at Cornell University, they have provided young black achievers with opportunities to support each other, while serving their communities and the nation. From pioneering work in the suffragette movement to extraordinary strides during the Civil Rights era to life-changing inner-city mentoring programs in the 1990s, members of these organizations share a proud and vital history of brotherhood, sisterhood, and service. Today, America's nine black fraternities and sororities are two-and-one-half million members strong and among the most powerful and influential groups in African American society -- with chapters at major universities and colleges across the country, including Stanford University, Howard University, and University of Chicago. Many of America's most prominent business leaders, scientists, politicians, entertainers, and athletes took their first steps toward making a difference in the world in a fraternity or sorority. This extensive yet very accessible book celebrates the spirit of excellence shared by these and other renowned African Americans in brief, inspiring profiles. Fully illustrated with photographs, THE DIVINE NINE chronicles an important yet previously neglected subject in African American history, making it thefirst book of its kind, and one to be treasured for generations to come.